Edição: 23.5 - 14 Artigo(s)

Voltar ao Sumário

Artigo Original | Artigo na íntegra em português

ODONTOLOGIA NO ESPORTE: CONHECIMENTO E HÁBITOS DE ATLETAS DO FUTEBOL E BASQUETEBOL SOBRE SAÚDE BUCAL

DENTISTRY IN SPORT: KNOWLEDGE AND HABITS OF SOCCER AND BASKETBALL ATHLETES REGARDING ORAL HEALTH

ODONTOLOGÍA EN EL DEPORTE: CONOCIMIENTO Y HÁBITOS DE ATLETAS DEL FÚTBOL Y BALONCESTO CON RESPECTO A LA SALUD BUCAL

Daniela Cristina Barbosa Alves, Vinicius Duarte Lourenço dos Anjos, José Flávio Batista Gabrich Giovannini, Rafael Paschoal Esteves Lima, Santuza Maria Souza Mendonça

1. Centro Universitário Newton Paiva, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil. 2. Centro Universitário Newton Paiva, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil. 3. Centro Universitário Newton Paiva, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil. 4. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Faculdade de Odontologia, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil. 5. Centro Universitário Newton Paiva, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

Santuza Maria Souza Mendonça Rua Níquel 158, Serra, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil. 30220-280. santuzam@yahoo.com.br

Recebido em 07/10/2016
Aceito em 30/03/2017

Resumo

Introdução: A saúde bucal é parte integrante da saúde sistêmica e é necessária para o bom rendimento físico. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como propósito avaliar e comparar o grau de conhecimento, atitudes e hábitos de atletas do gênero masculino, confederados do futebol e basquetebol, sobre a interrelação de saúde bucal e esporte. Métodos: Elaborou-se um questionário semiestruturado, composto por dezesseis questões objetivas e uma questão dissertativa, que foi respondido por 42 atletas do futebol e 40 atletas do basquetebol. Os esportistas foram questionados sobre seus conhecimentos a respeito do uso de protetores bucais na prática esportiva, interferências das alterações bucais no rendimento esportivo, utilização de medicamentos com finalidade odontológica e doping. Foram também questionados sobre o histórico de trauma durante a prática esportiva, uso de protetores bucais, suplementos, consumo de isotônicos ou energéticos, presença de alteração na articulação temporomandibular e participação em programa de saúde bucal no clube de origem. Resultados: Os resultados obtidos permitiram evidenciar que os atletas entrevistados não têm o conhecimento adequado sobre a influência da saúde bucal na prática esportiva, apesar de concordarem que os profissionais da odontologia contribuem para a manutenção da saúde bucal e a consequente melhoria do rendimento esportivo. Observou-se ainda, que os atletas do basquetebol relataram uma porcentagem maior de traumatismo com relação aos do futebol. A maioria dos atletas das duas modalidades relatou fazer uso de bebidas esportivas, não fazer uso de suplementos alimentares e não ser respirador bucal. Conclusão: Há necessidade de divulgação da importância da saúde bucal no meio esportivo para a manutenção da saúde sistêmica e melhora da prática esportiva.

Palavras-chave: atletas; odontologia; esportes; saúde bucal.

Abstract

Introduction: Oral health is an integral part of systemic health and is necessary for good physical performance. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate and compare the knowledge, attitudes, and habits of male athletes, members of the Brazilian Football and Basketball Confederations, about the interrelationship between oral health and sport. Methods: A semi-structured questionnaire was developed, consisting of sixteen objective questions and one essay question, which were answered by 42 soccer athletes and 40 basketball athletes. The athletes were questioned on their knowledge about the use of mouthguards during sports practice, interferences of oral changes in sports performance, use of drugs for dental purposes and doping. They were also asked about the history of trauma during sports practice, use of mouthguards, supplements, isotonic or energy drinks intake, temporomandibular joint changes and participation in oral health program in the home club. Results: The results showed that the athletes interviewed do not have adequate knowledge about the influence of oral health on sports practice, although they agree that dental professionals contribute to the maintenance of oral health and the consequent improvement in sports performance. It was also observed that basketball athletes reported a higher percentage of trauma compared to soccer athletes. Most athletes of both modalities reported the use of sports drinks, but do not make use of dietary supplements and not being a mouth-breather. Conclusion: There is a need to disseminate the importance of oral health in sports to maintain systemic health and to improve sports practice.

Keywords: athletes; dentistry; sports; oral health.

Resumen

Introduction: Oral health is an integral part of systemic health and is necessary for good physical performance. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate and compare the knowledge, attitudes, and habits of male athletes, members of the Brazilian Football and Basketball Confederations, about the interrelationship between oral health and sport. Methods: A semi-structured questionnaire was developed, consisting of sixteen objective questions and one essay question, which were answered by 42 soccer athletes and 40 basketball athletes. The athletes were questioned on their knowledge about the use of mouthguards during sports practice, interferences of oral changes in sports performance, use of drugs for dental purposes and doping. They were also asked about the history of trauma during sports practice, use of mouthguards, supplements, isotonic or energy drinks intake, temporomandibular joint changes and participation in oral health program in the home club. Results: The results showed that the athletes interviewed do not have adequate knowledge about the influence of oral health on sports practice, although they agree that dental professionals contribute to the maintenance of oral health and the consequent improvement in sports performance. It was also observed that basketball athletes reported a higher percentage of trauma compared to soccer athletes. Most athletes of both modalities reported the use of sports drinks, but do not make use of dietary supplements and not being a mouth-breather. Conclusion: There is a need to disseminate the importance of oral health in sports to maintain systemic health and to improve sports practice.

Palabras-clave: athletes; dentistry; sports; oral health.

 

(+55 11) 5087-9502
Rua Machado Bittencourt, 190 – 4º andar
Vila Mariana – São Paulo/SP - CEP: 04044000
atharbme@uol.com.br